conflans wrote:Hello gentlemen;
All of my sources, admittedly secondary sources, idenify Lewenhaupt as a Swedish regiment in Dutch sevice. It was almost totally destroyed at Fleurus.
If Saxony also had a Lewenhaupt, I wonder if there is a family connection.
Yes, they were cousins and they belonged to the ancient Swedish noble family called Leijonhufvud
. Specifically the branch of that family which adopted a German translation of their surname in the late 16th century (First "Lewenkopf" and later "Lewenhaupt" or "Löwenhaupt", contemporary Swedish sources however frequently disregard this and refer to them by their Swedish name "Leijonhufvud").
The Saxon general was called Carl Gustaf Lewenhaupt. His cousin who commanded a Swedish regiment in Dutch service at Fleurus was called Gustaf Mauritz Lewenhaupt. The most famous member of this family was however a third cousin, Adam Ludvig Lewenhaupt, who fought many battles in the Great Northern War.
The Saxon general had by the way a son called Charles Emil who led the Swedish army in the war against Russia 1741-1743. That war did not end well and Charles Emil was made the escape goat and was sentenced to death and executed so that the Hat party could remain in power.
An additional note (and closer to the topic of this thread): The Swedish regiment commanded by Gustaf Mauritz had one third of the men armed with pikes (although I guess this does not come as a big surprise to anyone).